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PHL 251 Entire Course Critical Thinking

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PHL 251 Entire Course Critical Thinking

PHL 251 Entire Course Critical Thinking

PHL251

PHL 251 Full Course Critical Thinking

PHL 251 Week 1 Individual Assignment Nature of Thought Paper

PHL 251 Week 1 DQ 1

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply:

What happens if a person gets stuck at a certain level of thought?

  • Feral children
  • Einstein
  • Brain injury victims
  • Others

PHL 251 Week 1 DQ 2

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply:

List different ways in which thinking influences your life. Begin with what can be done without thought and move through a hierarchy of basic to complex uses of thoughts.

  • Start with basic functions, such as breathing.
  • Explore thinking in terms of wants versus needs.
  • Discuss the higher orders of thought like applications of concepts and theories to real-world situations.

PHL 251 Week 2 Individual Assignment Creative Thinking Paper

Resources: Creative Thinking and Natural/Mental Orders Worksheet, found on your student Web site; Activity 7.1, located in Ch. 7 of Thinking, for examples on how to create metaphors; and Ch. 8 of Thinking

Construct as many metaphors as you can about five different things that describe any aspect of your life, such as someone you know, something you do, someplace you have been, or anything else. Include a minimum of four metaphors for each person, subject, or object.

Organize one set of information using natural ordering and a different set of information using mental orders in the second portion of the worksheet.

PHL 251 Week 2 DQ 1

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply:

What are the processes we use to organize information? What are natural orders?  What are mental orders? Is there a connection between the two different ordering processes? Why or why not?

PHL 251 Week 2 DQ 2

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply:

How can a metaphor affect a person’s emotions? Explain how the language used influences the interpretation of the metaphor.

PHL 251 Week 3 Individual Assignment Logical Thinking Worksheet

 Logical Thinking Worksheet

Use the following questions to guide you through your exploration of logical thinking and arguments. Answer the questions as completely as possible, and provide examples where needed.

  1. What is a logical argument?
  2. When and how do we use them?
  3. What parts do they contain?

Syllogism

  1. What makes something a syllogism?
  2. Why do people use syllogisms?
  3. How do people create syllogisms?
  4. Construct a syllogism. Label its parts.

Deductive Argument

  1. What makes an argument deductive?
  2. Why do people use deduction?
  3. How do people create them?
  4. Construct a deductive argument. Label its parts

Inductive Arguments

  1. What makes an argument inductive?
  2. Why do people use induction?
  3. How do people create inductive arguments?
  4. Create an inductive argument. Label its parts.

Evaluate these arguments:

  1. Ten women can do a piece of work ten times as quickly as one man. One woman can clean a room in ten seconds; therefore, ten women can clean a room in one second.
  2. There are 16 cans on the top-shelf of the pantry, and 10 on the lower shelf of the pantry. There are no cans anywhere else in my pantry. Therefore, there are 26 cans in the pantry.
  3. I have seen many children with red hair misbehave; therefore, all children with red hair misbehave.

PHL 251 Week 3 DQ 1

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply:

What is the basic structure of an argument in the context of critical thinking? How can you identify the parts or elements of an argument?

PHL 251 Week 3 DQ 2

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply:

What are the elements of a syllogism? What role does a syllogism play in persuasion? Explain the difference between truth and validity in a syllogism. How can a syllogism be valid even if it is not true?

PHL 251 Week 4 Team Assignment Evaluate Creative Thinking

Resources: Individual assignments from Week Two and Ch. 13 of Thinking

Write a combined paper from the individual team member notes of week 3 (total word count should be no more than 500 words for the entire paper) in which you evaluate your team member’s metaphors according to the criteria listed in Week Three Learning Team Instructions.

o   Refer to the questions in Ch. 13: “Testing Against our Thinking Bases,” in order to understand these terms and complete this assignment.

  • Perception
  • Personal Barriers
  • Language
  • Feelings
  • Creative Thinking

Summarize the team’s summaries and compile them into one cohesive paper.

Format your paper according to APA standards.

PHL 251 Week 4 Individual Assignment Applying Problem Solving Paper

Resources: Ch. 10–12 of the text, personal experiences

Choose two different real-world problems you have encountered. The problems should be chosen with the intention of applying persuasive thinking as a solution to one and scientific thinking as a solution to the other.

Applying Problem Solving

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you provide the following:

  • A description of each of the problem situations
  • An explanation of using persuasive thinking to solve the first problem
  • An explanation of using scientific thinking to solve the second problem

Summarize the solutions to each problem with a description of how the solution will solve the problem.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

PHL 251 Week 4 DQ 1

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply: What role does critical thinking play in decision making?

PHL 251 Week 4 DQ 2

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply:

During a persuasive argument, how can the needs and concerns of the audience be met while still meeting the objective of the argument? Provide at least one example.

PHL 251 Week 5 Learning Team Assignment Problem Solving and Action Presentation

Resources: Ch. 4, 5, 10, 13, 14, & 15 of Thinking; Ch. 10 of Critical Thinking; and the Problem Solving and Action Example located on the student Web site

Prepare a 10- to 15-slide PowerPoint® presentation with speaker notes in the note section of the slides according to the following criteria:

o   A description of the problem situation

o   A problem-solving technique

Identification of the technique

Explanation of why the chosen technique works best for the problem

o   Offer a solution to the problem.

o   Reconstruct the decision-making process you used to come up with the solution.

o   What criteria were used to make the decision?

o   Is decision emotional, logical, or both? Explain your answer.

o   Identify the factors used in the decision-making process.

o   Evaluate your decision.

o   Was the decision logical? Why or why not?

o   Did the decision solve the problem? Why or why not?

o   Is there a way to evaluate the effects of the decision over time? Why or why not?

Format and deliver your presentation according to instructor directions.

PHL 251 Week 5 DQ 1

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply:

Provide an example of a simple decision you recently made. What were the elements of the decision? What decision-making process did you use?

PHL 251 Week 5 DQ 2

Post a 150- to 200-word response to the following discussion question by clicking on Reply:

What are some factors that can be used to measure the effectiveness of a solution obtained through the decision-making process?

PHL 251 Entire Course

PHL 251 Entire Course

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