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PSY 110 WEEK 1 QUIZ 1 CHAPTER 1

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PSY 110 WEEK 1 QUIZ 1 CHAPTER 1

1. Match the following key terms to the correct description.

1. Self- The scientific discipline that attempts to understand and

fulfilling explain how the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals_

prophesy are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of_

others _

_

2. Affect The scientific discipline that studies the effects of group and

cultural variables on social behavior _

_

_

_

3. Self- The scientific discipline that studies intrapersonal and

concept immediate social influences on individuals’ behavior _

_

_

_

4. Pers A false definition of a situation evoking a new behavior

onality which makes the originally false conception come true. _

psychology _

_

_

5. Psycholo The idea that human behavior is the result of a combination

gical social of person and situation effects _

psychology _

_

_

6. Social A social being with the ability to engage in symbolic

psychology communication and self-awareness. _

_

_

_

7. Self- The tendency to take credit for positive outcomes but deny

serving responsibility for negative outcomes in our lives. _

bias _

_

_

8. Interacti The scientific discipline that studies individual, intrapersonal

onism differences as influences of behavior _

_

_

_

9. The self The way we think about ourselves

_

_

_

_

10. Sociolo Another word for emotions

gical social _

psychology _

_

_

2. Match the following key terms to the correct description.

1. Collect Processes involved in interpreting, thinking about,  _

ivism remembering, and using information about the social world __

_

2. Comm The total lifestyle of a people (e.g., symbols, preferences).   _

union __

_

3. Social A philosophy of life that stresses the idea of the self as  _

cognition autonomous and separate from others __

_

4. “Cold” A philosophy of life that stresses the idea of the self as related  _

perspecti to others and as a part of groups __

ve _

5. “Warm A need that is greater in people with an individualistic  _

Look” orientation __

_

6. “Hot” A need that is greater in people with a collectivistic  _

perspecti orientation __

ve _

7. Culture The idea that needs, desires, and emotions are primary  _

determinants of behavior __

_

8. Autono The idea that rational thoughts are primary determinants of  _

my behavior __

_

9. Individ The idea that humans can utilize different cognitive strategies  _

ualism (intentional or unintentional) based upon their current goals,__

motives, or needs _

3. Match the following key terms to the correct description.

1. Naive People’s unquestioning beliefs about their social world,  __

psychology which are based on their everyday experiences __

2. Natural Involves conscious, deliberate judgments   __

selection __

3. Evolutionary Involves automatic judgments or decisions made  __

psychology without conscious awareness __

4. Implicit The study of factors that affect behavior through  __

cognition processes common to all living organisms __

5. Explicit The process of passing along adaptive characteristics  __

cognition through reproduction __

6. Cerebral The study of the relationship between neural processes  __

cortex of the brain and social processes __

7. Social The outer layer of the brain that coordinates and  __

neuroscience integrates all brain areas. __

4. ________ is the scientific discipline that studies the effects of the imagined, implied, or actual presence

of others on people’s emotions, thoughts, or behaviors.

________________________________________

5. Social psychology is a relatively young field, given that it is only a little over ________ years old.

________________________________________

6. _______ describes laypeople’s beliefs about their social world that are based on personal experiences and

unquestioning acceptance of anecdotal evidence.

________________________________________

7. When the inaccurate beliefs of others towards an individual impact that person such that the originally

inaccurate beliefs become true is referred to as a _______.

________________________________________

8. One of the main differences between naive psychologists and social psychologists is the latter’s use of the

_______ to test their ideas about the social world.

________________________________________

9. The field of social psychology has developed largely from events and occurrences within ________ over

the past century.

________________________________________

10. The ________ describes the idea that we develop in a social context and have the ability to regulate our

behavior and engage in planned actions.

________________________________________

11. People’s descriptive beliefs about their identity and personal characteristics constitute their

____________.

________________________________________

12. We engage in the _________ when we take credit for positive outcomes and do not take responsibility for

negative ones.

________________________________________

13. _______ is an important perspective in social psychology that emphasizes the combined effects of both

the person and the situation on human behavior.

________________________________________

14. The interactionist perspective stresses that behavior is caused by an individual’s environment and by his

or her ________.

________________________________________

15. The perspective that people are motivated to act as the result of personal needs, desires, and emotions is

the _______ approach to studying social psychology.

________________________________________

16. The perspective that people are motivated to act as the result of thoughts, beliefs, and rationality is the

_______ approach to studying social psychology.

________________________________________

17. The _______ in social psychology represented a more balanced view of human nature, suggesting that

humans can be motivated by personal needs, desires, and emotions, as well as thoughts and reason.

________________________________________

18. _______ describes the total lifestyle of a group of people, including their ideas, symbols, preferences, and

material objects they share.

________________________________________

19. Subscribing to the idea that the group is more important than any one person’s needs is likely to be more

common among people from _________ societies.

________________________________________

20. The notion that people are connected only through loose ties and that oneself and immediate relations are

most important in life describes _________ societies.

________________________________________

21. Individualistic societies are more likely to be found in _______ areas.

________________________________________

22. Collectivistic behavior is more likely seen in areas where social relationships are _______.

________________________________________

23. For the majority of human history, the _______ has been the basic unit of society.

________________________________________

24. The study of how universal patterns of behavior were developed throughout human history is called

___________ psychology.

________________________________________

25. A basic tenet of ________ is that features or characteristics that allowed people to produce more

offspring were favored over the course of history.

________________________________________

26. The subfield of ________ emphasizes basic problems of survival, scarce resources, and reproduction

across the course of human history.

________________________________________

27. The new subfield of _________ connects biological processes to personal and situational influences of

behavior.

________________________________________

28. Your ability to plan what courses you should take in your college career is controlled by the

_______.

________________________________________

29. Which statement BEST reflects the core definition of modern social psychology?

A. the study of our need to be with other people

B. the science of human behavior

C. the scientific study of the way behavior is influenced by others

D. the scientific study of our need for consistency in our beliefs

30. Which statement BEST explains the focus of the field of social psychology?

A. the study of the psychological and cognitive process of the individual

B. the study of the impact of genetics on social behavior

C. the study of the person within his or her environment

D. All of these.

31. Gordon Allport’s definition of social psychology emphasizes which of the following as influences of

people’s behavior?

A. the presence of others

B. the implied presence of others

C. the imagined presence of others

D. All of these.

32. Researchers have found that drivers are more likely to use their seatbelts if there is a passenger in the car

rather than when they are driving alone. For the social psychologist, this is an example of

A. the way in which the actual presence of others influences our behavior.

B. people’s unconscious self-destructive tendencies.

C. the effect that imagined others have on our behavior.

D. interactionism in everyday life.

33. Social psychology has been considered a bridge to understanding other fields, such as

A. biology.

B. anthropology.

C. political science.

D. All of these.

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