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PSY 110 WEEK 2 QUIZ 2 CHAPTER 2

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PSY 110 WEEK 2 QUIZ 2 CHAPTER 2

1. Scientific method
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2. Basic research
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3. Applied research
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4. Theory
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5. Hypothesis
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6. Sample
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7. Population
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8. Experimental design
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9. Correlational design
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10. Independent variable
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11. Dependent variable
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12. Naturalistic observation
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13. Self-reports
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14. Observer bias
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15. Random selection
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16. Social desirability bias
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17. Descriptive statistics
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18. Inferential statistics
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19. Deception
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20. Meta-analysis
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21. Institutional review board (IRB)
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22. r
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23. Interobserver reliability
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24. Internal validity
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25. External validity
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26. Confederate
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27. PET scan
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28. fMRI scan
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29. Research designed to expand our general knowledge of social behavior is called _______ research.
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30. Research designed to address real-world problems is called ______ research.
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31. A ________ explains why two or more variables are related to one another.
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32. A researcher is going to measure the number of bombs participants drop in a video game in order to assess aggression. Bomb dropping represents a(n) ________ ________ of aggression.
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33. __________ is a way to combine the effects from many studies on the same topic to see which variables have been important across the studies.
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34. The model that views human social behavior as a rational, information-processing–based phenomenon has led to a tremendous amount of research. In other words, this theoretical approach may be described as being very ________.
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35. The expression “the simplest explanation is usually correct,” when applied to scientific theories, means that we should prefer theories that are the most ___________.
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36. A specific proposition or expectation about the nature of things derived from a theory is called a/an __________.
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37. Betty is examining the performance of high school seniors on the SAT. The specific students that participate in her study represent the __________.
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38. If someone is interested in studying the academic performance of high school students in Boston, then all students registered in Boston high schools represents the research __________.
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39. Dr. Kim is interested in whether the depth of an emotional relationship can be predicted by observing the degree of closeness between two people standing together. She photographs pairs of people in a shopping mall and then asks them to rate the closeness of their relationship. This study is called a ________ ________.
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40. A researcher records the amount of time teenagers spend playing video games and their level of computer skills. He then evaluates this information to see whether there is any relationship between these two variables. This research has been carried out in the __________
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41. A researcher records the amount of time women spend with their children and the children’s intelligence to see whether there is any relationship between these two variables. This is an example of a(n) __________ design.
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42. To evaluate whether the differences between two groups are due to chance factors or to a treatment effect, a researcher must utilize _________ statistics.
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43. When an observed correlation comes about because of an unmeasured variable, the correlation is described as being the result of the _______ ________ problem.
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44. _________ ________ are used to determine whether the data gathered in an experiment are significantly affected by the independent variable at a rate higher than chance.
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45. _________ ________ are used to summarize observations collected in an experiment.
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46. In an experiment, the participants who are NOT exposed to the independent variable constitute the ___________ group.
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47. In an experiment, the participants who are exposed to the independent variable constitute the ________ group.
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48. In order to ensure that different researchers’ observations of the same behavior are consistent with one another, ________ ________ should be high.
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49. A disadvantage of most surveys is that they rely on ________ ________ data.
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50. A(n) ________ is an accomplice of an experimenter whom research participants assume is a fellow participant or bystander.
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51. At times, knowing the true purpose of an experiment may cause participants’ responses to change in undesirable ways. In those cases, researchers may have to employ ________ to assess their research question accurately.
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52. At the end of an experiment, researchers must always be certain to fully _______ the participants about the purpose and goals of the research design.
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53. Social psychologists consider groups significantly different from each other if there is a less than ______ percent chance that the observed differences occurred randomly.
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