Week 1 Individual Assignment Personality Reflection

Write a 700- to 1,050-word reflective paper that addresses the following questions: o How would you define personality? o What are some key personality features that define you? o What key concepts or “constructs” are used to explain your personality? o Are your personality features consistent or do they change according to the situation? o Have you ever taken a personality test before? If so, what was your reaction to the analysis? If not, what would you expect a proper test to measure? o What would make a personality test reliable and valid? Consider the personality concepts you learned this week as you write your answers. Include an introduction and conclusion in your paper. Format your paper according to APA standards.

Week 1 DQ 1

Why might understanding the psychology of personality be a valuable tool?

Week 1 DQ 2

What influences your personality?


Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper analyzing the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality. Your paper should cover the following areas:

o  Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, and Adler. What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree?

o  Describe the stages of Freud’s psychosexual development theory, and explain characteristics of personality using these components.

o  Describe uses of at least three Freudian defense mechanisms with real-life examples.

Include an introduction and conclusion in your paper.

Format your paper according to APA standards.

Week 2 DQ 1

How would Freudians view the nature of personality?

Week 2 DQ 2

What do you think are the strengths and weaknesses of trait theory? What are the strengths and weaknesses of psychoanalytic theory? With which do you agree more? Why?

Week 3 Individual Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper analyzing the biological and humanistic approaches to personality. Your paper should cover the following areas:

o  Use Maslow’s hierarchy of needs to discuss the extent to which growth needs influence personality formation.

o  Describe biological factors that influence the formation of personality.

o  Examine the relationship of biological factors to Maslow’s theory of personality.

o  Explain the basic aspects of humanistic theory that are incompatible with biological explanations of personality.

Include an introduction and conclusion in your paper.

Format your paper according to APA standards.

Week 3 Learning Team Team Personality Traits

Locate and take a free online assessment that uses the Big Five personality factors. You may also use the one located in Chapter 8 of the text. Ensure each team member takes an assessment to gain a better understanding of his or her personality traits.

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper describing each team members’ personality traits based on individual findings from the Big Five assessment tool. Include the following:

o  Summarize each team members’ results.

o  Propose solutions for working together using the information from the Big Five assessments and the underlying principles of trait theories.

o  Include a synopsis of the reliability and validity of personality measurements and whether each team member felt his or her assessment depicted an accurate result.

Include an introduction and conclusion, and cite at least two sources other than your textbook.

Format your paper according to APA standards.

Week 3 DQ 1

Why might the biological approach to personality be controversial for some people? Explain your reasoning.

Week 3 DQ 2

What are the strengths and weaknesses of biological and humanistic theories? With which do you agree more?

Week 4 Individual Behavioral and SocialCognitive Approaches to Forming Habits

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper analyzing the formation of habits using behavioral and social/cognitive approaches. Your paper should cover the following areas:

o  Analyze one of your habits. How did you develop this habit? Were there role models for this habit? Which people influenced the adoption of this habit?

o  Why do you continue it? Has there been a time when you have attempted to break this habit?

o  Use the behavioral personality theory to explain why you have this habit.

o  Describe components of social/cognitive theory that explain why the habit formed.

o  Develop a plan that applies operant conditioning to change this habit.

o  Between the behavioral and social/cognitive theories, which one do you find best explains your personality?

Include an introduction and conclusion in your paper.

Format your paper according to APA standards.

Week 4 DQ 1

Have you ever attempted to break a habit? How successful or unsuccessful were you? What was the biggest impediment to or cause of your success?

Week 4 DQ 2

Have you ever met or observed someone whose behavior or personality influenced you to change? What was it about this person that affected you positively or negatively? If you have never felt this way, what influences your own behavior?

Week 5 Learning Team Person-Situation Interactions Presentation

scenarios, or create your own with instructor approval, in which your team applies the perspective of personality, based on person-situation interactions:

o  Sharon is talkative and friendly to guests she has invited over for a dinner party.  She mingles freely in the various social circles that have developed throughout her home.  Her guests enjoy her carefree attitude and enjoy the time spent with her.  When one of her guests decides to return the favor, Sharon arrives to discover she only knows her host.  She quickly gets a drink and spends most of the night sitting in a chair tucked away in a corner, set away from the social interactions.  At dinner, she keeps to herself and answers questions with no more than three words at a time.  When dinner is over, she thanks her host and quickly leaves, avoiding saying farewell to any of the other guests.

o  Isabella is a sophomore in college who is spending her Spring Break at Rocky Point for the first time.  She drinks heavily, engages in sexual activity with strangers, sleeps through the day to be ready to party at night, and spends most of the week in a bikini.  She is very outgoing with everyone she meets.  When the semester ends, Isabella goes home for the summer to be with her parents.  Isabella dresses conservatively, and is usually home by midnight, unless she spends the night at a friend’s house.  Her parents believe her sexual activity has been limited to a boyfriend she dated for two years.  Isabella has not mentioned dating anyone since the break up.  When she goes to the beach with her parents, Isabella wears a one-piece bathing suit.  She is generally outgoing, friendly, and considered a “good girl.”  Her parents had once hoped she would marry the boy next door, until he got a tattoo.

o  Rick is the CEO of a small company.  He shows up every day to the office in an Armani suit and tie and is very professional with his staff.  Meetings are also held in a professional atmosphere where the time is planned carefully and only professional matters are discussed.  His employees respect him and he is considered a fair boss but little is known of his personal life.  He is cordial but does not invite conversation outside of work matters.  After finishing a major project, Rick decides to hold a company picnic.  At the picnic, he is dressed in a polo shirt and khakis.  He is friendly, relaxed, and takes an active role in serving the food to all the employees.  At first, his employees are unsure how to respond but slowly start to relax.  Later when he overhears a group of employees discussing the previous night’s basketball game, he joins the conversation with enthusiasm and debates over which were the best plays of the night.  He asks Linda about her mother, who had recently been hospitalized.  Linda was unaware that Rick knew about the incident.  On Monday, Rick is dressed in his Armani suit and tie and nods cordially to his employees as he heads to his office.

Include the following parts in your presentation:

o  Provide a summary of the scenario.

o  Decide on two theorists associated with studying person-situation interactions and apply their theories to the scenario.

o  Describe the influence of the situations on personality and behavior.

o  Within the scenario, examine how the individual’s personality changed given the situation.

For Local Campus students, these are oral presentations accompanied by Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentations; for Online Campus and Directed Study students, these are PowerPoint® presentations with speaker’s notes.

Week 5 DQ 1

What strategies do you have for dealing with someone with a different personality?

Week 5 DQ 2

How has your perspective on your own or others’ personalities changed?

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